A Wildlife Sanctuary is a place reserved for wild animals and birds. A Wildlife Sanctuary is also a refuge for injured animals. Once treated they are released but they can stay there if they had injuries which could be dangerous for them if they stayed out in the wild again. A wildlife sanctuary plays the most important part of preserving endangered species and rare species. A wildlife sanctuary has a research team which creates home-like conditions for these animals and breed them until they have reached safer levels. By visiting a wildlife sanctuary one will understand how important wildlife is for mankind. A child will understand the importance of stop crimes against animals and let them be free in their natural habitat. By visiting a wildlife sanctuary a person will realize that it is high time we stop taking measure for our expanding population and actually think about controlling it because we are hurting all the animal and bird species that were created along with us.
The Dampa Tiger Reserve occupies an area of 500 sq. km. and lies in west Mizoram in northeastern India, along with the border between India and Bangladesh. The hills and forests in this ‘Land of the Highlanders’ are considered by biologists to be “biogeographic highways” connecting India to Malayan and Chinese regions. Several species such as the swamp deer, tiger, leopard, elephant and hoolock gibbon. This Tiger Reserve is probably one of the last few safe havens for the tiger and a host of other animal and bird species. Low altitude Galliformes are visible and the three species of Chloropsis found in India are endemic to these fabulous forests. The Dampa receives rainfall, ranging from 2,000 mm. to 2,500 mm. The minimum and maximum temperature in the reserve is 3.50C and 350C. The climate throughout the year at the Dampa Tiger Reserve is pleasant and warm and during the months November and December the area receive moderately chilly climate at higher altitudes. The best time to visit the Dampa Tiger Reserve in November to February. It harbors Tiger, Bison, Elephant, Bear and an array of avian species like Malabar pied hornbill, Peacock-pheasant, Red jungle fowl, Crested serpent eagle, lizard-like Python, King Cobra, and Monitor lizard can also be spotted. The reserve is in the Western part of Mizoram and is accessible by bus and car. One can stay at any one of the sites like Teirei, Phuldungsei or Damparengpui.
You can stay at the forest guest house rooms in Dampa. There are only 2 rooms in the guest house and you may need to book the rooms in advance. You may need to carry the provisions to cook the food, as cooked food is not served in the forest guesthouses. Alternatively, you may carry packed foods or fruits. Dampa is the natural home of Indian bison, leopards, barking deer, sloth bear, gibbons, langurs, slow loris, rhesus macaque, Indian Python, wild boar and a variety of birds. Unfortunately, the tiger has disappeared almost entirely, the enumeration indicated only 4 individuals in 1994 when it was pronounced as a tiger reserve. None were seen again. However, Aaranyak, a society for biodiversity conservation at Guwahati, and WWF India analyzed a fecal sample in March 2012 using DNA fingerprinting and announced the genetic evidence of tiger presence in the reserve. The Final result showed that out of 27 scats collected, 9 were of tiger origin and work is continued to find out the number of individual tigers. It has been reported that there has been an increase in built-up bamboo forest and scrub areas. These increases are simultaneously accompanied by a decrease in the cover area of evergreen/semi-evergreen closed forests from 152.47 km in 1978 to 95.27 km in 2005. Because of the practice of shifting cultivation by villagers at the border of the reserve. Much of our exploration involved walking along trekking-paths and enjoying the moon-lit nights at anti-poaching camps. In some places, camera-traps had already been installed as part of an on-going exercise by the Forest Department and their partners and associates. I was delighted to know that the highly elusive clouded leopards had been photo-captured at virtually every location, possibly suggesting a high density in this 500 sq. km Protected Area. The extremely rare ferret-badger was also recorded on camera! Of course for positive identification of the two ferret badger species, images are not enough, we would need to check dentition! The patrolling road ended at a river that was to be our path. I gingerly tested the flow, withdrawing my foot instantly as the freezing water sent a sharp pain shooting through me. But we had no option except to wade in. At places, I was waist-deep in the river and, adding to my agony, even slipped a couple of times and got completely soaked in the process. I was reminded of yet another cold walk taken earlier during a preliminary survey of the Tokyo Wildlife Sanctuary in Saiha, along with the southeastern edge adjoining Myanmar.